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Fossil Invertebrate Identification for Aurora in the Pungo River, Yorktown, and James City Formations

Invertebrate fossils are extremely common in most fossil bearing strata, including the ones in North Carolina, including Aurora, NC.



Invertebrates

Click scroll down to browse the invertebrate fossils:



Crustaceans

Fossilized crab claw pieces are failry common along the Calvert Cliffs.


Crab claw fossils are hollow and often have a bluish or tan color.
They are most often found in the James City and Pungo River Formations, but are found in all formations.



Bivalves - Pelecypods (shells)

Bivalves are the most common fossils found in many tertiary formations.


Pectin sp.
Scallop

Scallop shell. Most of the time these fossil scallop shells are found broken.



Another example of a Pectin fossil scallop shell.



Glycymeris sp.
Clam

These are fairly common clam fossils




Gastropods



Ecphora sp.
Extinct Gastropod - Murex Shell

These are beautifully shaped gastropods.
Ecphora are predatory gastropods. They climb on an unsuspecting bivalve and drill a small round hole through the shell. The gastropod then inserts a long proboscis into the hole and sucks out the guts. Gross!

Ecphora shells are usually found broken.



Pterorytis sp.

This is another type of gastropod that is commonly found. It has a thicker looking shell than ecphora.



Echinoderms

Sea Urchins

Fossil Sea Urchin Spines.



Coral

Solenastrea sp.


Barnacles - Balanus sp.

Barnacles are occasionally found. Sometimes they are attached to fossil shells and bone.




Tube Worms

Tube worms are sometimes found attached to other inverebrates.





Recommended Books for North Carolina Fossil Collecting:



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Shark Tooth Hunting on the Carolina Coast

by Ashley Oliphant, 2015

This is a great field guide for locating and identifying fossil shark teeth on the beaches of North and South Carolina. It is filled with clear photographs and easy to read descriptions.
There's not too many books about North Carolina Sharks teeth. This one is pretty good!




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Fossil Shark Teeth of the World

A great book for identifying all those teeth. This book is laid out "as simple as possible." It's ease of use and small size makes it great to carry during collecting trips. This book shows teeth from around the globe, but all the North Carolina teeth can be found in it.



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