A Hunt for Dipleura Trilobites in the Mahantango of Central PA
Our first fossil hunting trip of the year was to an outcropping that exposes one of the largest Devonian formations in Pennsylvania,
the Mahantango formation. To learn about the Mahantango formation, go to the Mahantango page. The Mahantango covers
about half of Pennslyvania, but it is usually deeply buried under younger sediments. However, in central pa it is often exposed
in roadcuts and quarries. We took a trip with the DVPS to one of these places where the Mahantango is exposed.
One interesting aspect of this particular Mahantango exposure is the layers show evidence of a more silty bottom; ideal
habitat for the large Dipleura trilobites. So instead of the usual Eldredgeops (Phacops) and Greenops trilobites, this
side has Dipleura as the most common trilobite. Unfortunately, the Mahantango shale and siltsones are very fissile,
meaning the rock tends to shatter into many small shards. Extracting whole specimens is very difficult.
Hoping the incredibly harsh winter and ensusing freeze thaw cycle eroded specimens out, we started the day surface hunting.
We found a mangled pygydium and a few thorax segments of a large Dipleura, and some broken up brachiopods.
After having little success, we hunkered down and tried to pry out large chunks of the Mahantango, which,
as stated before, is very difficult. After doing this for a couple hours and still not finding much,
we decided to try and surface hunt again. We managed to find a section with lots of Dipleura bits and pieces.
Deciding this was a good spot, we chiseled through some of the larger rocks in search of a whole fossil specimen.
In the end I managed to find a really beat up and small enrolled Dipleura. However, it was complete (although part
of the head is chipped off). We also ended up with an assortment of brachiopods and pelecypods,
including these neat looking pelecypods called Orthonota that look like modern day razor clams.
Overall it was great to go out and collect with the nice fossil hunters that make up the DVPS!