"Celebrating the Richness of Paleontology through Fossil Hunting"

fossilera logo
Fossil Identification for the Lost River site in WV


Fossil Identification for the Lost River site in WV

Fossil Identification Caesar Creek

Needmore Formation - Devonian Fossil Identification Page

Devonian Reef Fossils

Click on the type of fossil or scroll down to browse:


Trilobites are a group of extinct arthropods (similar to crustaceans) with a hard shell. They are common in Devonian rocks in the Virginia / West Virginia area. Usually, almost all are partial trilobite molts. Occasionally whole ones are found. The most common trilobite is the Eldredgeops (Phacops) Trilobite.

Eldredgeops Trilobites

This is a complete Eldredgeops (Phacops) Trilobite from the Fossil Site.

It flaked right out of the matrix when found. Luckily it didn't break. From the Needmore Formation of WV.

This is an enrolled Eldredgeops (Phacops) Trilobite from the Lost River Site.
It's a little smashed, one eye is visible. From the Needmore Formation.

As with most fossil sites, the Trilobites found here usually look like this: Partials and Molts.

Brachiopod Fossils

Brachiopods look like little clams, however, they are actually very different.
Brachiopods are one of the most abundant fossils in the Needmore Formation and other Devonian formations in the area.
Some Brachiopods are still alive today, but Pelecypods (clams and such) far outnumber them.
There are many different types of Brachiopods. Many look nearly identical. Below is one of the more common ones that can be found.

Rhipidomella sp.

This is a fairly common brachiopod that can be found at the site. Like the other fossils, they are very fragile.

Coral Fossils

Coral pieces are abundant in the Needmore Formation. A few different types are shown below.

Trachypora sp.

This is a Trachypora coral. It's a colony of branching coral.
This type of coral is spread out over the rocks at this site. "runners" that stretch for at least foot can be found throughout the rocks.

When found, specimens are encrusted with a thin layer of shale, and need dissolved in a very weak solution of acid to reveal the actual blue/grey coral (shown here).
Also, specimens are usually broken into numerous pieces, this one is glued together back into its original shape.

This is a type of solitary coral that is found throught the Needmore Formation. They are usually smaller than the one imaged here. This coral is also common in the Mahantango formation which is also found nearby.

Recommended Books:

Fossil Collecting in the Mid-Atlantic States: With Localities, Collecting Tips, and Illustrations of More than 450 Fossil Specimens
by Jasper Burns, 1991

This book is a classic! Although some of the fossil hunting site listed in this book no longer exist, it shows what fossils can be found in the same area. What makes this book a classic is Jasper Burns incredible sketches of the locations and the fossils found at each location. It is a very descriptive and useful guide book. Even after all these years, I still find myself referencing it!

Included are numerous Carboniferous plant sites in Virginia, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Maryland.

101 American Fossil Sites You've Gotta See
By Albert B Dickas, 2018
This is a great updated fossil sites book with at least one fossil site in each state. Each site is broken into 2 pages. One has detailed information, such as directions, GPS coordinates, formation information, etc... The other is dedicated to images of the site and the fossils found there. It also gives information on fossil 'viewing' sites such as dinosaur trackways, museums, and active excavations.

This book is great for both beginning and expert fossil collectors. Beginners will find fossil hunting much easier with this book and experts will find it to be a great reference.
Plus, my fossil photos are peppered throughout this book!

Here is a link to my Review of the book.

About the Author

Contact Us

To ask Questions about Paleontology, Fossil Identification, Image Use, or anything else, email us. is very active on Facebook, you can also message us there!

We don't buy or sell fossils, so please don't email us asking about the value of a fossil or fossil purchases.

Visit us on Social Media:

Enjoy this website?
Consider a Paypal / Credit Card donation of any size to help with site maintenance and web hosting fees:

Privacy Policy and Legal Disclaimer

Back to the TOP of page

© 2000 - 2023 : All rights reserved


fossilguy logo is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to